What to eat and not eat in the Diet of colitis?

diet of colitis

What to eat and not eat in the Diet of colitis?

 What foods should we eat and what should we avoid?

Ulcerative colitis is a type of inflammatory bowel disease. Doctors believe the condition may be improved by applying an ulcerative colitis diet. But the question is, what are the characteristics of an ulcerative colitis diet? In the ulcerative colitis diet, what foods should we avoid and what should we eat more of?

Ulcerative colitis can cause severe periods of abdominal pain, diarrhea and loss of appetite. While there are no special diets for people with ulcerative colitis, doctors say making some diet changes may help manage the condition and prevent the recurrence of symptoms.

Ulcerative colitis diet

Foods that may be helpful for this disease

There are many triggers in our total daily food intake that can worsen symptoms in people with ulcerative colitis. Therefore, identifying these foods and replacing them with foods that are beneficial for the disease can partially control your condition.

As stimulants may vary in different individuals, foods that may worsen conditions also vary from person to person.

But some of the best foods for people with ulcerative colitis include:

Apples in Diet of colitis:

This fruit is a good source of nutrients. Apples, like other foods on the list, contain a lot of fibre and fructose and may be useful during attacks that cause symptoms.

Salmon in Diet of colitis:

This fish is rich in omega-3 fatty acids which may have health benefits beyond the digestive tract.

Pumpkin in Diet of colitis:

Many varieties of this fruit have high fibre which may be a bad choice for some people. However, the digestive system of many people can tolerate this substance. Because pumpkin is rich in fibre, it can be useful for people with inflammatory bowel disease.

Many varieties of this fruit have high fibre which may be a bad choice for some people. However, the digestive system of many people can tolerate this substance. Because pumpkin is rich in fibre, it can be useful for people with inflammatory bowel disease.

Avocado in Diet of colitis:

It is nutrient-rich and is a good choice for people with ulcerative colitis.

Some fermented foods in Diet of colitis:

 One of the most useful fermented foods is yogurt containing active probiotics. Good bacteria in these substances can help digest food. Some studies have shown that routine use of probiotics can help reduce symptoms and relapse.

Oatmeal in Diet of colitis:

 It may be slightly easier to digest than other forms of oats and oats.

Eggs in Diet of colitis:

 There are many nutrients in the egg, including omega-3s. It is usually easy to digest and is part of a healthy diet.

Lots of fluids in Diet of colitis:

People with the same disease as ulcerative colitis should drink extra fluids. Because most of them have diarrhea and are at risk of dehydration.

What foods cause ulcerative colitis?

The exact cause of ulcerative colitis is still not fully understood. That’s why doctors aren’t sure what foods are causing the disease. However, it seems that based on the individual experience of consuming some of the substances can help the flare of symptoms.

Some foods are useful for these people and some may worsen the symptoms. On the other hand, everyone’s body may not respond to a fixed diet. Therefore, a single ulcerative colitis diet should not be used for all affected individuals.

What foods should we avoid?

Some foods that can worsen the symptoms include:


Although there is not much data on the effect of caffeine on the symptoms of ulcerative colitis, a study in 2 out of 5 people found that 5% of people with the disease had worsened symptoms after taking caffeine. Caffeine is found in coffee, tea, soda and chocolate.

Dairy products:

Dairy products are not bad for everyone affected. But in some ways, it is the driving force. People with lactose intolerance should also avoid dairy products. Because lactose intolerance and ulcerative colitis have similar symptoms.


Alcohol can make diarrhea worse in some people.

Carbonated drinks:

Some carbonated drinks that can irritate the digestive tract and cause gas are not suitable for infected people. Many carbonated beverages contain sugar, caffeine, or artificial sweeteners that can stimulate ulcerative colitis.

High-fibre foods:

 These include dried grains, fruits, whole grains, berries, peas, and legumes. These substances can increase the number of bowel movements, gas, and abdominal pain.


Similar to other seeds and nuts, it is difficult to digest in the digestive tract.

Read more about Diet of colitis …

Foods Containing Sulfur or Sulfite:

This mineral can cause excess gas in the system. Some of these foods include:






    Wheat pasta




    Processed meats

Fatty Meat:

Meat fats can both help flare-up symptoms and not properly absorb them during these symptoms.

Nuts and seeds:

 Nuts from butter may increase abdominal pain, flatulence and diarrhea. When the patient is in the symptom phase, even eating a small grain can aggravate the symptoms.


Bloating, diarrhea and gas are caused by these substances. Alcohol is found in many candies, some fruit juices, and various worms.

Fructose Sugar:

 Absorbing a small amount of it causes gas, heartburn and diarrhea. Therefore the foods on which the following words are inserted have high fructose:

    High fructose

    Corn syrup

    Fruit juice



Many Vegetables:

 Vegetables are usually difficult to digest and cause bloating gas, and abdominal pain. Filament vegetables like celery are similar. Other vegetables that may produce gas include varieties of cabbage, especially Brussels sprouts. Cooked vegetables are more tolerable.

Spicy foods:

 Spicy sauces, peppers and all kinds of spicy foods are part of this group of foods. These substances cause diarrhea in many people. For people with ulcerative colitis, hot and spicy foods may worsen or flare symptoms.


 This substance is found in wheat, rye and barley and can trigger symptoms in ulcerative colitis. Although barley does not contain gluten, it has a protein similar to that which can cross-react in gluten-sensitive individuals. Oats are also often altered in factories and have the same processed wheat.

Read more about Diet of colitis …

How to identify and avoid problem foods

The best way to determine what causes your symptoms is to take notes of the foods you eat. Make a calendar for this. Then list any food you eat throughout the day. At the end of the day, on the same page, write any changes to your physical condition, including:

    Time of use of any substance during the day

    Type of immediate reaction to a particular substance

    Severity of symptoms

    Recurrence of symptoms

    Symptoms improve

This way, by recording your food and your physical symptoms, you will eventually find out within two weeks what foods should be removed from your diet list and what foods can help improve or maintain it.

Important Features of Ulcerative Colitis Diet

According to the above, the best diet for ulcerative colitis is the one that follows:

    Identifying Good Foods: At this point, you should make a list of useful foods that can improve or prevent symptoms.

    Identifying Bad Foods: Similarly, you should make a list of foods that make your symptoms worse.

    Balanced Nutrition: One of the biggest complications in people with ulcerative colitis is inadequate nutrition. For this reason, these people may become deficient in nutrition due to the restriction of certain nutrients. Thus maintaining a balance in nutrient intake can eliminate the body’s deprivation.

    Supplement: Some foods that may not be beneficial to people who are infected are high in nutrients. Therefore, it is often important to use a supplement that replaces these nutrients.

    Seeing a Nutritionist: Professional advice can be helpful in balancing the diet or choosing alternative foods for those affected.

    Continue Note: Ulcerative colitis can change over time. So tracking the foods you consume is one way to reduce symptoms.

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