what is a healthy diet for hypothyroidism?
Nutrients for the treatment of hypothyroidism
Eat properly to support thyroid function. Symptoms can include fatigue, depression, constipation, and other more serious health concerns when you have hypothyroidism or a deficient thyroid.
Fortunately, eating certain foods can help increase your thyroid function. The thyroid is a small butterfly gland in your neck that plays an important role in how your body works. The thyroid produces hormones that regulate mood, metabolism, energy levels, body temperature, heart rate and blood pressure.
Hypothyroidism occurs when the gland does not produce enough hormone.
“With your thyroid medication, you can boost your thyroid function through a balanced diet that includes plenty of vegetables (fresh produce) and protein, among other healthy foods,” says George Dudell, an endocrinologist in New York City.
Diets that are useful in the diet for hypothyroidism:
Fish in the diet for hypothyroidism
Virginia Turner, RD degree holder, clinical nutrition director at the University of Tennessee Medical Center, says that “Omega 3 fatty acids found in fatty fish such as salmon, salmon, tuna or sardines make this a great choice for lunch. Or they make dinner.
Uncontrolled hypothyroidism due to high LDL or bad cholesterol can increase the risk of heart disease. “Omega-3s are known to reduce inflammation, help the immune system and reduce the risk of heart disease,” he adds.
Fish is also a good source of the nutrient selenium that is mostly concentrated in the thyroid. Selenium also helps reduce inflammation.
Nuts in the diet for hypothyroidism
Another great source of selenium is nuts. Nuts are a quick and handy snack you can take with you anywhere. They are also good for salads or fried foods. Brazilian nuts, macadamia nuts and hazelnuts are all rich in selenium that helps the thyroid function well.
In the case of Brazilian nuts you only need to eat a few. For other nuts, a small handful is enough to get your daily nutrients. Make sure your senses are as high as the nuts you eat because nuts have a high-fat content.
Whole grains in the diet for hypothyroidism
Constipation is one of the common symptoms of hypothyroidism. Whole-grain foods such as breakfast cereals, bread, pasta and rice contain a lot of nutrients in addition to fiber. Their fiber can help regulate bowel function. Turner, however, warns that fiber can interfere with synthetic thyroid hormones.
Some people with hypothyroidism decide to completely avoid whole grains, but if you want to consume them, it is recommended that you take your thyroid medication several hours before or after eating foods rich in fiber.
Fresh fruits and vegetables in the diet for hypothyroidism
One of the first symptoms of hypothyroidism is weight gain. High-calorie, high-density foods like fresh foods are the foundation of any successful weight loss program.
If possible, include fresh fruits or vegetables in every meal. Certain foods such as blueberries, cherries, sweet potatoes and green peppers are also high in antioxidants. Antioxidants are nutrients that reduce the risk of heart disease.
However, people with hypothyroidism should limit the consumption of cruciferous vegetables such as broccoli and cabbage to 150 grams a day because they can inhibit the thyroid’s ability to absorb iodine. Iodine uptake is essential for normal thyroid function
Seaweed in the diet for hypothyroidism
Seaweed has a high concentration of iodine, which is an essential nutrient for thyroid function. “Iodine is a precursor to thyroid hormone production,” explains Dr. Dudell. Seaweed is available in “light”, “wakame” and “dulls” packages and can be used in sushi, soups and salads.
Another advantage of seaweed is that it offers the nutritional benefits of fiber, calcium and vitamins K, E, C, B, A.
“Getting too much iodine is possible, and it can worsen thyroid disease,” Dudell warns. However, according to the American Thyroid Association, this is more likely if you are taking iodine-containing supplements. Make sure you consult your physician before increasing your iodine intake.
Dairy in the diet for hypothyroidism
According to a study in the August issue of Thyroid Magazine, there is a link between vitamin D deficiency and Hashimoto’s disease (the most common cause of hypothyroidism). Enriched milk not only contains vitamin D, it also contains significant amounts of calcium, protein and iodine.
“Since Hashimoto’s may lead to changes that are involved in stomach problems such as heartburn, foods like yogurt with good bacteria may help regulate other bacteria,” Dudell says. »
Beans in the diet for hypothyroidism
Beans are cheap and versatile food and are a great source of sustainable energy and can be helpful if your hypothyroidism causes you to become very tired. Beans contain protein, antioxidants, complex carbohydrates, and plenty of vitamins and minerals. They are also high in fiber.
If you are suffering from constipation, beans can be helpful. Constipation is a common side effect of hypothyroidism.
If you have just started using beans, there are several types to try. They can all be used as a base for staple foods, side dishes and to improve the nutritional value of soups, salads and stews. Just make sure you don’t overdo it.
The guidelines recommend that adults receive 20 to 35 grams of fiber per day, but over-fibre can interfere with the treatment of your hypothyroidism.
Foods forbidden in the diet for hypothyroidism:
Some foods contain compounds that reduce thyroid function. People with hypothyroidism should limit the diet to such foods as cabbage, soybeans, sweet potatoes, and more.
Hypothyroidism and goitre; related to thyroid hormone deficiency
The main cause of goitre worldwide is related to two issues: protein malnutrition – energy and iodine deficiency. Because protein and iodine are the two main substances that the thyroid needs to make its own hormones. The soil in some parts of the world is very poor in iodine, especially in areas far from the sea. That is why endemic goitre is very common in such areas. One of these areas is Iran. Goitre has been so prevalent in our country in recent years that the problem of salting-out has been resolved and goitre is under control in our country. But hypothyroidism (because it depends on other factors, including genetic factors, in addition to iodine levels) is still present in the country.
150 micrograms of iodine is needed daily for the thyroid gland to function properly and to function. Seafood has the most iodine. For example, 90 grams of codfish have 99 micrograms of iodine. Other foods also contain a small amount of iodine. But with regular food consumption, people do not need iodine. Therefore, the iodization of salts is necessary so that every half teaspoon of iodized salt has 142 micrograms of iodine.
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