Diet for GERD | What to do with gastric reflux?
(GERD stands for Gastroesophageal reflux disease)
Acid reflux occurs when gastric acid leaks into the esophagus. When this happens, the person becomes uncomfortable and feels burning in the chest.
Other symptoms of chronic gastric acid reflux include: returning food, fluids, difficulty swallowing, coughing, and wheezing or chest pain.
What is gastric reflux?
Acid reflux is a sign of gastric inflammation, a condition in which more or more acids are produced in the stomach that cause bloating, pain, burning and inflammation.
And if left untreated, they can lead to chronic acid reflux or gastroesophageal reflux diseases.
The main factors that cause and aggravate gastric reflux are: Unhealthy diets include eating spicy or fatty foods, pregnancy and digestive disorders, etc.
Signs and symptoms of gastric reflux
Some of the common symptoms associated with acid reflux are burning sensation in the abdomen and chest and abdominal and chest pain, belching, vomiting, nausea, bitterness, gastritis and sore throat.
Foods recommended in the Diet for GERD
Here are some foods to reduce stomach acid: Read more below.
Ginger in Diet for GERD: As you know, ginger has many benefits and is very beneficial to the body and contributes to its health. Ginger has certain enzymes that can help neutralize gastric acid reflux and can help reflux. Cure stomach acid
Bananas in Diet for GERD: Bananas are fruits that can be referred to as gastric cooling because they have a high pH and can be effective in reducing gastric acid production.
Yogurt in Diet for GERD: Yogurt is probiotic and can cover the stomach with a layer of safe and healthy bacteria that results in reduced gastric acid reflux and does not allow the stomach to produce acid.
Melon in Diet for GERD: A fruit that is considered to be the best gastric cooler that can prevent the production of excess fluid in the gastrointestinal tract, which results in reduced acid reflux and gastritis.
Vegetables in Diet for GERD: Vegetables are other healthy foods that are highly alkaline, meaning they can effectively neutralize gastric acid production.
Oatmeal in Diet for GERD: Oatmeal is a healthy grain, and can cover the stomach wall with a layer of gelatin, thereby reducing acid activity.
Chewing gum in Diet for GERD: Chewing gum can increase the production of saliva in the mouth, which can counteract and cure gastric acid production.
High-fat foods ( High-fat foods in the Diet for GERD should be limited )
Fried and high-fat foods cause more gastric acid to enter the esophagus as they lower the esophageal sphincter to rest. These foods also delay the time of gastric emptying. So by reducing the amount of fat you consume daily, you can partially curb one of the causes of exacerbation of gastric reflux symptoms.
The most common high-fat foods that you should limit their intake to include:
Fried potatoes and chopped onion rings in oil;
High-fat dairy products such as butter, milk, cheese, or cream that are not fat;
High-fat portions of beef or lamb, especially if fried;
Desserts or snacks such as ice cream and chips;
Creamy and high-fat sauces and sauces.
Tomatoes and citrus fruits (Fruits and vegetables in the Diet for GERD should be high)
Fruits and vegetables have a special place in a healthy diet, but some special fruits, especially acidic fruits, cause or exacerbate the symptoms of gastric reflux.
If you suffer from chronic gastric reflux, you should limit your consumption of the following foods in your daily diet:
Types of lemons;
Tomato sauce or foods and foods containing tomato sauce such as pizza;
Chocolate contains a compound called methylxanthine that seems to relax the esophageal sphincter of the inferior muscle and aggravate the symptoms of gastric reflux.
Garlic, onions and spicy foods
Spicy and trendy foods, as well as garlic and onion foods, cause sourness in most people. Of course, these foods do not induce symptoms of gastric reflux in everyone, but if you are used to garlic and onions or high-fat foods, be sure to have gastroesophageal reflux symptoms after consuming such foods.
Drinking coffee may exacerbate the symptoms of gastric reflux in some people, as caffeine is one of the stimulants of gastric reflux.
Peppermint or mint-flavored products, such as chewing gum and mouthwash, in some people may exacerbate the symptoms of gastric reflux.
What lifestyle changes can improve the symptoms of gastric reflux?
In addition to changing your diet, you can also reduce the severity of your gastric reflux symptoms by changing your lifestyle:
Under the supervision of a physician, use antacids or other drugs that reduce gastric acid production;
Chew gum, but not mint gum;
Avoid alcoholic beverages;
Do not lie for at least two hours after eating;
Don’t eat anything three to four hours before bedtime;
Do not smoke;
Do not overeat;
Lift the head of your bed about 1 to 4 cm.
What does scientific research say about gastric reflux?
There is no special diet to prevent gastric acid from returning to the esophagus. However, some foods may work to reduce the symptoms of gastric reflux in some patients. Scientific research has shown that increasing fiber intake, especially in the form of fruits and vegetables, has some effect on improving symptoms, but researchers still have little information on how fibers prevent symptoms. Increased fiber intake, in addition to improving gastric reflux symptoms, also plays a role in reducing the risk of high cholesterol, uncontrolled and hemorrhoids and other intestinal disorders.
Be sure to talk to your doctor about the foods and drinks you are likely to worsen. Remember, sometimes foods that can reduce the symptoms of gastric reflux in one person may exacerbate the symptoms in another person, but consulting with a nutrition consultant is definitely helpful. If you do not follow diet or lifestyle changes and see no significant improvement in your symptoms, see your doctor. Your doctor may prescribe medication for you. Doctors recommend surgery in very acute cases.
The sphincter muscle closes between the esophagus and the stomach to keep the stomach acid in the same area. When we have acid reflux, the sphincter muscle relaxes and the gastric acid leaks into the esophagus, causing burning and pain.
Losing weight, eating small meals, avoiding fatty foods, alcohol, spicy and acidic foods, caffeine and nicotine can help improve gastric reflux.
However, sometimes these may not be enough and the individual may have to undergo individual treatment under the supervision of a specialist physician for improvement.